What is an Interjection?

 Congratulations! You are one more step closer to becoming an expert in grammar.

Here, ‘congratulations’ is used as an interjection.

Interjections are one of the eight parts of speech. Some Grammar Nazis believe interjections to be the least used parts of speech because they are not required or simply irrelevant to understand the meaning of the sentence.

Interjections are used to express some sudden feeling or emotion. Interjections are either one or two words used in the beginning, middle, and end in a sentence or as a standalone sentence.

They can portray joy (Hurray!), sadness (Alas!), surprise (What!), approval (Bravo!), anger (grr!).

Usually, interjections are not grammatically related to the other words in a sentence. This states that an interjection doesn’t interact with the other parts of the sentence. Most of the times, it is simply used as an independent word which usually provides the sentence with some kind of meaning and/or emotion.

It does not get affected by any statement. It doesn’t alter anything or get altered by anything. It helps the reader understand the deeper relationship between the words and phrases in the sentences. Simply put, it does the work of injecting liveliness to certain sentences or say give meaning to a cluster of words.

Interjections are more commonly used in informal writings than in formal language or speech. They are widely used in artistic and creative writings to portray the mood of the author or writer.

Where are Interjections used?

  • Beginning

Almost whenever any interjection is used, they put it at the start of the statement. Even a punctuation is associated with the sentence to convey strong or mild emotions i.e. an exclamation mark.

Bravo! You bagged a prestigious award. 

Here, exclamation mark denotes the emotions of the sentence which is strong and it also states how interjections are used at the start of the sentence.

  • Middle or End

It’s not mandatory for interjections to occur at the start of a sentence, sometimes it may occur in middle or at the end as well. 

So, you’ve fallen in love, huh?

Here, the interjection is used at the end which arises a surprise element combined with a question.

 According to me, oh my gosh, you’ve spoken way beyond expectations.

Here, the interjection is used in the middle of the sentence which is designed to lay emphasis on the emotion.


  • Stand-alone

Sometimes, interjections alone serve as a statement delivering strong or mild emotions. They are cleverly used to avoid word glitches and make the text or speech look more presentable.

Good Gracious! He survived the accident.

Here, Good Gracious is a stand-alone statement which states the mood of the sentence and is seen to be grammatically correct as well.

How are interjections punctuated?

Interjections are written with an exclamation mark or a comma. A comma is used for a mild emotion while an exclamation mark is used for a rushed display of surprise, emotion, or any other deep feeling.

Wow! I cleared my exams.

Wow, I am having extra cheese in my burger.

Types of Interjections:







AnyhowAs ifAttaboyAttagirlAwwwAwfulAy
BamBah hambugBazingaBegorraBeholdBingoBlah
For shameGadzooksGeeGeepersGee WhizGollyGoodbye
HailHallelujahHeigh-hoHelloHeyHiHoly cow
Holy SmokesHotdogHuhHmmHurrayHushIndeed
JeezJeepers creepersJeepersLo and BeholdMehMy wordNo
NowNahOhOoh-la-laOopsOh noOh my
Oh wellOohOuchOwPhooeyPhewPlease
ShhShooShucksSo longThanksThereTouche
Well doneWhoaWhoopeeWhooshWowYahooYay

Some examples to get a better understanding:

What rubbish is this!

Enough of this!

God defend the right!

Stop! The lion will kill you.

Oops, I’m sorry. That was my mistake.

Oh, I was not aware of that.

Ouch! It hurts.

Ah! Have they gone?

Hush! He is sleeping peacefully.

Alas! He is no more.

Hello! How are you?

Hey! Get off that wet floor.

Oh, that is a surprise.

Mmmm, my compliments to your mom for this yummy food.

Phew! I am tired to go for it again.

Good! Now we can sing together.

No, don’t stay there. Go away.

Alas! I’m lost in the wilderness.

Ahh, that feels awesome.

Oh dear, I don’t know how to sing.

Good Grief! Why are you swimming in winter?

Congrats! You finally won that tough match.

Boo! I caught you sneaking in.

Hurray! It’s a holiday.

Whoops, I forgot to wish her on her birthday.

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