What is an Interjection?

 Congratulations! You are one more step closer to becoming an expert in grammar.

Here, ‘congratulations’ is used as an interjection.

Interjections are one of the eight parts of speech. Some Grammar Nazis believe interjections to be the least used parts of speech because they are not required or simply irrelevant to understand the meaning of the sentence.

Interjections are used to express some sudden feeling or emotion. Interjections are either one or two words used in the beginning, middle, and end in a sentence or as a standalone sentence.

They can portray joy (Hurray!), sadness (Alas!), surprise (What!), approval (Bravo!), anger (grr!).

Usually, interjections are not grammatically related to the other words in a sentence. This states that an interjection doesn’t interact with the other parts of the sentence. Most of the times, it is simply used as an independent word which usually provides the sentence with some kind of meaning and/or emotion.

It does not get affected by any statement. It doesn’t alter anything or get altered by anything. It helps the reader understand the deeper relationship between the words and phrases in the sentences. Simply put, it does the work of injecting liveliness to certain sentences or say give meaning to a cluster of words.

Interjections are more commonly used in informal writings than in formal language or speech. They are widely used in artistic and creative writings to portray the mood of the author or writer.

Where are Interjections used?

  • Beginning

Almost whenever any interjection is used, they put it at the start of the statement. Even a punctuation is associated with the sentence to convey strong or mild emotions i.e. an exclamation mark.

Bravo! You bagged a prestigious award. 

Here, exclamation mark denotes the emotions of the sentence which is strong and it also states how interjections are used at the start of the sentence.

  • Middle or End

It’s not mandatory for interjections to occur at the start of a sentence, sometimes it may occur in middle or at the end as well. 

So, you’ve fallen in love, huh?

Here, the interjection is used at the end which arises a surprise element combined with a question.

 According to me, oh my gosh, you’ve spoken way beyond expectations.

Here, the interjection is used in the middle of the sentence which is designed to lay emphasis on the emotion.


  • Stand-alone

Sometimes, interjections alone serve as a statement delivering strong or mild emotions. They are cleverly used to avoid word glitches and make the text or speech look more presentable.

Good Gracious! He survived the accident.

Here, Good Gracious is a stand-alone statement which states the mood of the sentence and is seen to be grammatically correct as well.

How are interjections punctuated?

Interjections are written with an exclamation mark or a comma. A comma is used for a mild emotion while an exclamation mark is used for a rushed display of surprise, emotion, or any other deep feeling.

Wow! I cleared my exams.

Wow, I am having extra cheese in my burger.

Types of Interjections:







Ack Adios Ahem Ahoy
Ah-me Agreed Alright Alrighty Alack Alrighty-roo Alleluia
All-hail Aloha Anytime Amen Anytime Argh Anyhoo
Anyhow As if Attaboy Attagirl Awww Awful Ay
Bam Bah hambug Bazinga Begorra Behold Bingo Blah
Boo-yah Bravo Brr Bye Cheers Cherio Ciao
Cripes Crud Darn Dear Doh Dang Drat
Eh Eww Eek Encore Eureka Fiddlesticks Fie
For shame Gadzooks Gee Geepers Gee Whiz Golly Goodbye
Goodness Gracious Gosh Great Grr Ha Ha-ha
Hail Hallelujah Heigh-ho Hello Hey Hi Holy cow
Holy Smokes Hotdog Huh Hmm Hurray Hush Indeed
Jeez Jeepers creepers Jeepers Lo and Behold Meh My word No
Now Nah Oh Ooh-la-la Oops Oh no Oh my
Oh well Ooh Ouch Ow Phooey Phew Please
Pooh Pow Presto Rats Right-o Shoot Scat
Shh Shoo Shucks So long Thanks There Touche
Uh-oh Uh-huh Ugh Viva Voila Waa Wahoo
Well done Whoa Whoopee Whoosh Wow Yahoo Yay
Ya Yes Yikes Yippee Yoo-hoo Yo Yuck
Yum Yummy Zap Zing

Some examples to get a better understanding:

What rubbish is this!

Enough of this!

God defend the right!

Stop! The lion will kill you.

Oops, I’m sorry. That was my mistake.

Oh, I was not aware of that.

Ouch! It hurts.

Ah! Have they gone?

Hush! He is sleeping peacefully.

Alas! He is no more.

Hello! How are you?

Hey! Get off that wet floor.

Oh, that is a surprise.

Mmmm, my compliments to your mom for this yummy food.

Phew! I am tired to go for it again.

Good! Now we can sing together.

No, don’t stay there. Go away.

Alas! I’m lost in the wilderness.

Ahh, that feels awesome.

Oh dear, I don’t know how to sing.

Good Grief! Why are you swimming in winter?

Congrats! You finally won that tough match.

Boo! I caught you sneaking in.

Hurray! It’s a holiday.

Whoops, I forgot to wish her on her birthday.

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